Symptoms that a Phobia is developing

Main Features of Diagnostic Criteria for Specific Phobia in the DSM-IV-TR:

  • Marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable, cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation (e.g., flying, heights, animals, receiving an injection, seeing blood).
  • Exposure to the phobic stimulus almost invariably provokes an immediate anxiety response, which may take the form of a situationally bound or situationally predisposed panic attack.

Note: In children, the anxiety may be expressed by crying, tantrums, freezing, or clinging.

  • The person recognizes that the fear is excessive or unreasonable.

Note: In children, this feature may be absent.

  • The phobic situation(s) is avoided or else is endured with intense anxiety or distress.
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