There is no known cause for children to develop a developmental delay, but there are factors that may contribute to a developmental delay.
Risk factors include:
- Complications at birth
- premature, low birth weight, did not obtain enough oxygen during birth
- Environmental issues
- lead poisoning, poor nutrition, trauma, exposure to alcohol or drugs
- Medical conditions
- chronic ear infections, injuries with long-term effects
These risks can lead children to be affect in one or more areas of development. These areas include:
- Cognitive– the ability to think, learn, and solve problems
- Social and emotional– the ability to relate and communicate with other people
- Speech and language– the ability to use and understand language
- Fine and gross motor – the ability to use small and large muscles in the body
- Activities of daily living– the ability to handle everyday tasks
There are times which a child can have a delay in more than one area. Individuals with a delay in two or more areas are known to have global developmental delay.
For more information, visit: https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/treatments-approaches/early-intervention/what-you-need-to-know-about-developmental-delays